Some have also suggested that the newer remains in Iberia suggest Neanderthals were driven out of Central Europe by modern man to the Iberian peninsula where they sought refuge.
The Chatelperronian culture (typically associated with Neanderthal man) is found in the Cantabrian region and in Catalonia.
Emanating from Southern France this culture extended into Northern Iberia.
This culture continued to exist until around 28,000 BC when Neanderthal man faced extinction, their final refuge has been said to be Gibraltar.
Excavators have found the remains of 30 hominins dated to about 400,000 years ago.