The investigated watershed has the form of a fl at trough-shaped valley and extends from a plateau topped by the earthwork to the lower section of the slope descending to the north (Fig. The creek originates in a spring a few metres to the east and discharges into the Salza which fl ows into the river Saale ca.
Increasing erosion intensity is known for the transition time of the Late Bronze Age to the Pre-Roman Iron Age.
The by far highest intensity of erosion can be observed for medieval and modern times.
2400 – 1700, some pits/ditches 1100 – 750 BC), the Middle Iron Age (burials, ca. By the study of pollen succession of several sequences in the region he found out that the postglacial recurrence of forests started with Pinus dominated forests or forest-steppes during the preboreal (ca. With the onset of the Atlantic (5500 – 3000 BC) the area was covered by mixed Quercus woods, Pinus was probably re- stricted to very dry sites.
300 – 100 BC), and high to late medieval times (settlement according to written sources, ca. Very few or no fi ndings represent the Middle Bronze Age (ca. Since the end of the Atlantic (at around 3000 BC), the Pinus values decreased further, and Fagus appeared in the pollen diagrams.
400 – 800 AD) left a clear longer lasting signal of decreasing land use intensity — an increase of arboreal pollen — in the pollen diagrams of the circum-hercynian region (e.g.