The trim line can also recognized locally as marked weathering line that separates different oxidized reddish surfaces (the bed rock consists of Fe-rich gneiss and schist). Both the axe shaft and the long bow were found in the vicinity of the corpse and were made of yew (). I discuss broadly also general geological concepts, especially in glaciology, seismology, volcanology, palaeontology and the relationship of society and geology.
A second trim line is marked by an abrupt change in lichen diameter (from 100mm above to 40mm below) and density. The majority of wood species found with the Iceman grow in the montane regions (valley bottoms to 1.800m), although some subalpine (1.800-2.500m) and alpine (above 2.500m) conifer species are also represented. (2009): The significance of the Tyrolean Iceman for the archaeobotany of Central Europe.
The mummy itself was dated by radiocarbon dating to 4.500 -30 and 4.580 -30yr Before Present, which corresponds to a calibrated age of 5.300-5.050yr B. The relatively sudden burial of the corpse in a more or less permanent snow and ice cover indicates a significant climatic change that induced glacier expansion at the beginning of the Neoglaciation in the second half of the Holocene. All that is similar to the present-day conditions in the woodlands found on the slopes and in gorges in the lower Schnalstal and Vinschgau in South Tyrol, where it is assumed he lived. (2004): Rapid Communication - A major widespread climatic change around 5300 cal. Journal of Quaternary Science 19(5): 423-430MAISCH, M.
This inferred change of the glaciers is supported also by some soil horizons found in depression between 3.000 and 3.215m a.s.l. So the botanical evidence seems to confirm a climate comparable to pre-industrial conditions and implies a glacial extent similar, if not slightly minor, to the recent past. (2000): The longterm signal of climate change in the Swiss Alps: Glacier retreat since the end of the little Ice Age and future ice decay scenarios.
1 - The Shroud In Greece - Noel Currer-Briggs - 1988 No. Grard Lucotte Research Articles (2) - Towards a Medieval Context for the Turin Shroud by Hugh Farey Research Articles (3) - Weaving the Shroud, A Reproduction by Ruth Gilbert - by Hugh Farey Reviews - 1 (Books) Reviews - 2 (Papers) Comment - The Origins of the Shroud of Turin - My Editorial & Events (1) - by Hugh Farey Events (2) - My First Visit to Jalsa Salana by Brenda Benton Research Articles (1) - Did Joan of Arc See the Turin Shroud?