The stream of new software, biotechnology, and Internet companies led to an economic revival, which increased the city's population by almost 50,000 between 19. From 1918 to 1951, nearly two dozen jazz nightclubs existed along Jackson Street, from the current Chinatown/International District to the Central District.
The jazz scene developed the early careers of Ray Charles, Quincy Jones, Ernestine Anderson, and others.
The subsequent retrenchment led to the Seattle General Strike of 1919, the first general strike in the country.
Seattle achieved sufficient economic success that when the Great Seattle Fire of 1889 destroyed the central business district, a far grander city-center rapidly emerged in its place.
The second and most dramatic boom resulted from the Klondike Gold Rush, which ended the depression that had begun with the Panic of 1893. Portland docked with its famed "ton of gold", and Seattle became the main transport and supply point for the miners in Alaska and the Yukon. However, it was Seattle's business of clothing the miners and feeding them salmon that panned out in the long run.
The Town of Seattle was disincorporated on January 18, 1867, and remained a mere precinct of King County until late 1869, when a new petition was filed and the city was re-incorporated December 2, 1869, with a mayor–council government.
Seattle has a history of boom-and-bust cycles, like many other cities near areas of extensive natural and mineral resources.
However, Seattle faced massive unemployment, loss of lumber and construction industries as Los Angeles prevailed as the bigger West Coast city.