This situation was also loosening at the time of Patai's work. But the Syrian Circassians hold cousin marriage absolutely forbidden, similar to the Circassians of the Caucasus.
In her discussion of the city of Aleppo during the Ottoman Empire, Meriwether finds a rate of cousin marriage among the elite of 24%.
Father's brother's daughter was most common but still only represented 38% of all cousin marriages, while 62% were with first or second cousins.
But most families had either no cousin marriages or only one, while for a few the rate was as high as 70%.
Estimates from the late 19th and early 20th century state variously that either 80 percent of the Egyptian fellahin marry first cousins or two-thirds marry them if they exist.