Some also achieved standing in the Dutch communities, becoming important interpreters and negotiators among the differing cultures.When New Netherland was captured by the English in 1664, they changed the name Beverwijck to Albany, in honor of the Duke of Albany (later James II of England and James VII of Scotland).
Beginning in 1810, Albany was one of the ten most populous cities in the nation, a distinction that it held until the 1860 census.
In the 20th century, the city opened one of the first commercial airports in the world, the precursor of today's Albany International Airport.
Albany is known for its extensive history, culture, architecture, and institutions of higher education.
The city is home to the mother churches of two Christian dioceses as well as the oldest Christian congregation in Upstate New York.
On November 1, 1683, the Province of New York was split into counties, with Albany County being the largest.